What is Biomass?
Biomass is a renewable and sustainable source of energy used to create electricity or other forms of power. With fuel developed from organic materials like wood, food waste, energy crops and agricultural residues, biomass fuels provide about 4% of the energy used in the United States. When burned, the energy in biomass is released as heat.
Emissions. Technologies have advanced to the point that any emissions from burning biomass in industrial facilities are less than emissions produced from burning fossil fuels. Because of that, researchers are working on ways to burn more biomass fuels.
Dependability. As a renewable source of energy, biomass fuels are the most dependable.
There are five basic categories of material:
- Virgin wood, from forestry, arboricultural activities or from wood processing.
- Energy crops: high yield crops grown specifically for energy applications.
- Agricultural residues: residues from agriculture harvesting or processing.
- Food waste, from food and drink manufacture, preparation and processing, and post-consumer waste.
- Industrial waste and co-products from manufacturing and industrial processes.
Types of Biomass Power Plants
Gasification Mixed Burning
GASIFICATION MIXED BURNING